L’andamento dell’economia reale e dei mercati finanziari nel p. 3. I riflessi sugli Confcommercio – Pistoia inquadrato con riferimento ad alcuni istituti del CCNL “Commercio e terziario”. Nel corso del. it/vivi-la-villa-terziario-donna-confcommercio-il-rilancio-del-luogo-caro-ai- foggiani/ .. monthly arrivano-gli-aumenti-la-retribuzione-marzo/ T+ monthly il diritto sindacale carinci capitolo due:l’evoluzione storica. 1.l’età liberale: dalla repressione penale alla tolleranza. fronte della prima embrionale.

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Among the lat- ter are, instead, trade associations and a few non-conventional forms of trade unionism, but cknfcommercio actors not properly of industrial relations, such as professional associations and as- sociations of freelancers. On the other hand, the presence of three dominant trade union actors, terziaril SLC-CGIL, Fistel-CISL and Uilcom-UIL, which gather to- gether the workers confcommerico a wide range of sectors and are also signatories of a high num- ber of industry-wide agreements, facilitates a certain convergence of regulation trends and a homogenisation of protections.

Besides, another autono- mous organisation, Confimprese Italia, has signed terzario industry-wide agreement for arts, information, sports and shows, whose coverage is nevertheless unknown. The last renewal came after 37 months of intense negotiations and introduced relevant innovations, such as: Most of them are not specifically directed to creative workers, but might indirectly address them and their needs, as in the case of initiatives directed to non-standard and self-employed workers.

The Council, in turn, is intended to be a valuable tool for coordination between the stakeholders for the regulation of professional work, overall.

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In addition to the mentioned Milanese institutions and other famous schools of design — such as the University Institute of Architecture of Venice IUAV and the Higher Institute for Artistic Industries ISIAwith headquarters in several Italian cities, of which the most important is based in Urbino — a huge number of training courses, either academic or non-academic, public or private, can be found all through the country.

A first distinction can be made between the actors, based on the role played in labour regulation in the different sectors, namely between those organisations that take part in collective bargaining at the national level and those who do not. In the latter case, freelancers basically work in design offices or firms. This choice can be interpreted as a response to the necessity of keeping home and workplace separate, due to either a basic need for sociability, the aim of pursuing a better balance between work and private life, or the need for a more professional work environment to receive high- calibre clients.

Furthermore, thanks to special agreements with leading companies in the fields of banking, insurance, telecommunications, goods and other vehicles, ICT services, transport and energy, Confcommercio-Imprese per l’Italia offers its members access to a range of efficient and cost-effective services to support their operations.


Data, in effect, are mostly available for 4-digit Ateco codes the Italian classification of economic activities, derived from NACEwhich excludes the possibility of disaggregating these groups.

As already noticed, small size and flexibility are two typical features of graphic design firms. Among the things that have been already done, instead, it is worth mentioning the extension of a cross-sectoral supplementary social security fund, named Byblos, to atypical workers. Since then, union density slightly increased again, and it is now at The actions undertaken are, nevertheless, mostly addressed to industrial and fashion designer.

Preliminary remarks on the basic features of Italian industrial relations It is not unusual, however, that experienced designers are employed on fixed-term contracts, especially when their work is on specific projects. A similar purpose was recently pursued through the launch of a tweet bombing against the former Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, to force the government to modify the so-called Decreto Milleproroghe and freeze the increase of insurance contributions.

Additional 30 interviews, then, were made with workers employers, employees, and freelancers in the two sectors, namely 9 in graphic design and 21 in video game development. AIAP, in effect, was created in the post- war period as a cultural association, with the main purpose of building a professional community, where designers could meet and exchange experiences.

Policies for design are themselves sporadic and isolated for an overview, see, again: This latter mode of organisation is a response to the growing complexity of graphic design, which nowadays involves a teziario of professional figures, both creative and technical, that are interdependent. Part II, then, presents the results of two sectoral studies, namely graphic design and video game development, trying to isolate their specificities.

CNEL and, on the other hand, the difficulty to give adequate and specific representation to these companies and workers. These latter, in effect, are the channels that convey the big business, today GD05a; GD05c.

Third, large design firms generally require more commitment from their employees and collaborators, which often translates in a higher number of working days, longer vonfcommercio hours and a faster pace of work.

These, it has to be said, are not necessarily marginal workers. GD04 attended a scientific lyceum, graduated in industrial design, received an MSc in visual communication from the Confcommervio and, at the moment of writing, is completing a PhD. The former, particularly, is a large community, with about 93, members. Terziaruo, again, launched a campaign called Bandi Bassotti7, to encourage its members to report cases of confcommetcio open competitions, which still required that all participants were registered in the register of enterprises at the Chamber of Commerce, hence ex- cluding freelancers, and violating the EU regulations.

These are basically services of fiscal and insurance assistance, counselling, and dispute resolution. Case 5 is an example of small design firm, since it employs six per- sons — under open-ended or fixed term confcommegcio — who can also count on a network of freelancers, with whom they cooperate, when needed.


Here, again, what really make a difference is the aspiration of freelance graphic designers, at least a relevant part of them, to maintain their independence GD01; GD02; GD03; GD05c. These two cases are examples of different strategies to represent the interests of those workers who are out of the range of the unions: Hence, it is probably less diffused in the CCIs, which are, as we have seen, characterized by a significant presence of small firms.

Italy wide agreement for the artists employed under fixed-term contracts in firms under- taking conccommercio activities. This is particularly problematic for interest representation of both companies and workers which are difficult to attribute to the sectors on which representation and bargaining have traditionally been articulated or whose activity cuts across different sectors.

An important outcome of such activities is a Proposal for a new regulation for the defini- tion of professional qualifications, drafted by a large number of professional confcommerclo i.

They are coordinated by Confturismo. This period also saw the launch of the BIT Borsa Internazionale del Turismo — International Tourism Exchangetoday the largest commerce fair in the tourism sector, created by Confcommercio, which made its debut in Its distribution among the various sectors follows a pattern similar to that of enterprises, with books, printing and publishing as the largest employer This is a criti- cal step for either sole practitioners, informal partnerships or, even, small firms that cannot meet the demand of their clients.

The choice of studying these two sectors was made jointly by the project partners and was justified by the necessity to account for the huge heterogeneity 20113 the CCIs.

Currently, there areenterprises in the CCIs, which account for 4. A relevant issue, then, is that of the delays in renewals.

Industrial relations and creative workers. Country report: Italy | Andrea Bellini –

In this regard, GD04 said that the intention to turn the small team into a company is basically due to the perceived necessity to have formal employment relationships and therefore have a better work organisation.

As we will see later, vulnerability is a major focus of the literature on creative work. Confcommercio-Imprese per terziiario was established for this very reason: Generally, ccnll sectors are characterized by a high-skilled workforce, a segment of the labour market where, as already highlighted, Italian trade unions have a low representation capacity.