The Command of the Air is the greatest military treatise on air war ever written – a dogmatic manifesto promising victory through strategic. The Italian General Giulio Douhet reigns as one of the twentieth century’s foremost strategic air power theorists. As such scholars as Raymond Flugel have . Reprinted in by the Office of Air Force History. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Douhet, Giulio, The command of the air.
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The Command of The Air p.
We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. More than 70 years on, many of his predictions have failed to come true, but some of his concepts gaining command of the air, terror bombing and attacking vital centers continue to underpin air power theory to this day.
He believed interception of these bombers was unlikely, but allowed for a force of escort aircraft to ward off interceptors. This page was last edited on 11 Novemberat He was an army officer, reaching the rank of general, but trench-war stalemate had turned his mind to alternatives.
As soon as one side lost command of the air it would capitulate rather than face the terrors of air attack.
Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. In his book The War of he described a fictional war between Germany and a Franco-Belgian alliance in which the Germans launched massive terror bombing raids on the populace, reducing their cities to ashes before their armies could mobilize. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. His theories were discussed and disseminated in France, Germany and America which were very receptive; In America, Billy Mitchell was a strong advocate.
Kohn, Book Published by: The Allies’ Plan of Operation pp.
The Independent Air Force pp. Aircraft could go anywhere within their radius of action, flying over enemy lines to bomb industry, infrastructure, and workforces. The Evolution Of Airpower Theory. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Causes of the Conflict p. The British developed an early warning system linked with a command-and-control network that allowed their fighters to intercept bomber squadrons.
Assigned to the General Gjulio shortly after the beginning of the new century, Douhet published lectures on military mechanization. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. The Material Preparation—France and Belgium pp.
In late July and early Augustthe great powers of Europe embarked on a course of action that would claim millions of lives, topple empires, reshape the political structure of the continent, and contribute to an even more destructive conflict a generation later. He challenged the violent opposition it ccommand until strategic air power became an accepted part of military thinking. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar eouhet related subjects are gjulio.
He harboured an apocalyptic vision of the war to rouhet His whole conception of air war rests on the assumption that the bomber will always get through, and that the damage it can then do will crush the resistance. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. He soon grasped the potential of air power and at every opportunity expounded his theories. The air force has the missions of gaining control of the air, supporting surface forces as by bombing and strafingand accomplishing strategic-bombing objectives.
The Organization of Aerial Warfare pp. He was wrong on both counts, as British experience in was to demonstrate. For going over the heads of his superiors, he was court-martialled and imprisoned for a year.
The same year he completed a hugely influential treatise on strategic bombing titled The Command of the Air Il dominio dell’aria and retired from military service soon after. Douhet believed in the morale effects of bombing. Born in CasertaCampaniaItalyfrom a family of savoyard exiles who had migrated there after the cession of Savoy to France  he attended the Modena Military Academy and was commissioned into the artillery of the Italian Army in Leave a Reply Cancel reply.
And how giuilo this to be achieved? Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Operations of June 17 pp. The heavy bombers involved in the Combined Bomber Offensive or not win ar war alone, as Harris had argued they would.
The Command of the Air.
A decisive victory here would hasten the end of the war. This emphasis on the strategic offensive would blind Douhet to the possibilities cokmand air defense or tactical support of armies.
Giulio Douhet | Italian general |
His calculations for commamd amount of bombs and poison gas required to destroy a city commmand ludicrously optimistic. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. In other words, the enemy air force was the primary target. He further advocated the creation of an independent air forcethe reduction of land and sea forces, and the unification of the armed forces.
In fact, there is considerable evidence to show the bombings did nothing but antagonize the German people, galvanizing them to work harder for their country, and the final defeat of Germany was not achieved until virtually the entire country had been occupied douhhet Allied land forces.
This would unravel the social basis of resistance, and pressure citizens into asking douhdt governments to surrender. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.
Project MUSE – The Command of the Air
Rome is located in the central portion of the Italian peninsula, on the Tiber River about 15 miles 24 km inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Battle of June giylio pp. The basic weapon systems…. First would come explosions, then fires, then deadly gases floating on the surface and preventing any approach to the stricken area.