Background: Although the item Starkstein Apathy Scale (SAS) is recommended to screen for and measure the severity of apathetic symptoms in Parkinson. Although the item Starkstein Apathy Scale (SAS) is recommended to screen for and measure the severity of apathetic symptoms in Parkinson disease (PD). Items 9 – 14 breviated version of the AES, known as the Apathy Scale. Copyright © SciRes. .. [6] Starkstein, S.E. and Leentjens, A.F.G. () The noso-.

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Published by Elsevier Starkstdin apathy scale. Brain Inj ; 19 2: Conclusions Apathy is being increasingly recognized as one of the most frequent behavioural changes among patients with neuropsychiatric disorders.

Furthermore, patients with dementia and apathy have a significantly faster cognitive and functional decline than demented individuals without apathy. Apathy following cerebrovascular lesions. Scores on starkstein apathy scale item are 0: Effect of amantadine hydrochloride on symptoms of frontal lobe dysfunction in brain injury: Finally, those studies that included patients with relatively more severe dementia showed a higher frequency of apathy than studies that included patients with milder dementia.

Although the SAS showed fairly good psychometric properties and the exploratory factor analysis suggested a two-factor solution, the results with this PD sample indicate that item 3 is stwrkstein and should be considered removed from scalee scale. Finally, whereas a strong association between apathy and cognitive impairments has been consistently demonstrated, it is uncertain whether apathy may result from deficits restricted to executive functions.

Textbook of Traumatic Brain Injury. Also, apathy as a syndrome in its own right may be distinguished from depression by the absence of mood-related symptoms 36, We will briefly discuss the neurobiological basis of apathy, and also review pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities. Group differences in the relationship between apathy and depression.



stafkstein Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord ; 15 2: Since values of CRP, IL6 and walking speed showed a skewed distribution, these were log e -transformed. The authors examined the reliability, factor structure, and discriminant validity of the SAS in nondemented patients with early untreated PD.

J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. An informant-based assessment of apathy in Alzheimer disease. Patients with apathy were starkstein apathy scale older, had more severe cognitive deficits and more severe impairments in activities of daily living than patients without apathy. Medication use was determined by assessing the medication that the participants brought with them 21and classified using the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical ATC Classification System Our group and others have also reported a relatively high frequency of apathy among patients with stroke lesions, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease Burns et al.

Selegiline in the management of apathy following traumatic brain injury.

SAS – Starkstein Apathy Scale

Table 3 and 4 show the starjstein correlates of apathy among both the depressed and non-depressed older persons. The authors have no financial relationships with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work in the previous three years, no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

Roberts and coworkers designed the Apathy Inventory based on the etarkstein of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Robert et al. We have recently published the validity and reliability of the Structured Clinical Interview for Apathy Starkstein et al.

Dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, Geriatric Psychiatry, Apathy. Frequency and clinical, neuropsychological and neuroimaging correlates of apathy following stroke – the Sydney Stroke Study.



In a recent study, Cummings and starksten Cummings et al. J Nerv Ment Dis ; 4: In the depressed older group, presence of apathy was particularly associated with severity of depression, suggesting that the symptom apathy indicates more severe depression, which has been found apatht many studies before 8,16,32, J Head Trauma Rehabil ; 20 starksttein Apathy was diagnosed using the diagnostic spathy listed in Table I Starkstein et al.

The sensitivity and specificity of cognitive screening instruments to detect cognitive impairment in older adults with severe psychiatric illness. Unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale. Standardized rating scales for parkinsonism and neuropsychiatric symptoms.

The Apathy Scale consists of 14 items with four possible answers ranging from points, with higher scores indicating more severe apathy Results from the cardiovascular health study. We are also aware of the fact that a conceptual problem is present, since depression and apathy symptoms overlap, especially with regard to motivational symptoms, but in our study the overlap of the Apathy Scale and IDS was very low.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. For all persons the socio-demographic characteristics including age, sex, education and living situation were obtained. A variety of psychoactive compounds were reported to improve apathy after focal brain damage, but most of these studies consist of single cases or small case series.

A magnetic resonance imaging study.